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How to use tar Linux command

The tar command saves many files together into a single tape or disk archive and can restore individual files from the archive.

Usage

Create a compressed tar.gz archive file archive.tar for a directory backup in current working directory

$ tar czvf archive.tar.gz ./backup/

Extract the contents from archive.tar.gz in the current directory

$ tar xzvf archive.tar.gz

Create a tar archive file archive.tar for a directory backup in current working directory

$ tar cvf archive.tar ./backup/

Extract the contents from archive.tar in the current directory

$ tar xvf archive.tar

Extract the contents from archive.tar in /tmp directory

$ tar xvf archive.tar -C /tmp